below the structure get replenished in no time by the natural capillary
action of the soil. All hand pumps, bore wells etc. in the vicinity are
recharged. During the monsoon, when the check dam over flows, the level of
water in the well comes up to the brim of the well. and remains there for
the farmers to utilize for the winter crop.
availability of Water the farmer quickly develops additional acres of land
and takes them under cultivation for the winter crop. Thus, where only 2%
of the land was ploughed now 98% of the land comes under irrigated
cultivation. Most farmers take two crops, while some even take a third
crop of vegetables.
The wells are
situated in the middle of the farm land and have pumps fitted on them. As
the level of water is now high consumption of diesel goes down. they can
now operate the pumps 24 hours of the day if need be. They are able to
sell their water to neighboring farmers.
returns. Reverse exodus from urban areas takes place. The youth and able
bodied come back to their homes to lead a life of dignity instead of
living on footpaths and shanties in cities.
Women no longer
need to go through the drudgery of carrying pitchers full of water over
long distances for household use which would take a tremendous toll of
their health and physical wellbeing.
child now goes to school as the mother is there to take care of household
there is an exponential jump in the income.
villager could not afford one bullock to plough his fields, he now has
eight to nine buffaloes and cows tied to his door step. Animal husbandry
thus becomes a huge source of income. They have enough fodder for their
own use and can sell surplus fodder to others.
reaches new heights as every person in the village benefits, and each
village now boasts of 4 to 5 tractors and at least 2 two-wheelers in every
family functions now happen with pomp and festivity.
restored and ecology rejuvenated. As the site matures under ground rivers
start flowing which in turn give rise to springs along the course of the
down-flow, giving rise to perennial streams and rivulets down hill.
hygiene improves. The children no longer are malnourished.
becomes debt free in a couple of years.
In a nut shell
joy, exuberance and dignity returns to the village and the population no
longer lives below the poverty line.
Check dams have
all the advantages of large dams with none of the disadvantages -- like
water logging or displacement of the populace. New inventions will soon be
there in the arena where-by small hydro plants will be put the check dams
to provide hydro electric power to a cluster of villages